Nepal is one of the poorest and least developed countries in the world, with close to a fourth of its population living below the national poverty line. However, political instability and poverty and has hampered the delivery of basic service. These issues contribute to the breakdown of family and community networks, which most severely impacts women and children. Many rural populations have been displaced or moved to urban areas amidst hops for jobs. Many unemployed women and girls are particularly vulnerable to CSEC, as well as street children.

Commercial Sexual Exploitation children is the exploitation by an adult with respect to a child or an adolescent-female or male-under 18 years old accompanied by  payment  in money or in kind to the child or adolescent ( male or female) or to one or more third parties.